Dating different colleges Ishtar alabina nue
The Andersonian Institute, a precursor of the University of Strathclyde, was established in 1796 and used the title Anderson's University between 18, but the University of Strathclyde did not receive a royal charter granting university status until 1964.
These universities were distinguished by being non-collegiate (and thus, at the time, non-residential) institutions founded as university colleges that admitted men without reference to religion and concentrated on imparting to their students "real-world" skills, often linked to engineering.
There are some institutions generally regarded as civic universities and sharing many elements of common history with these universities that gained university status later than this (e.g.
Keele was founded as a university college, although (as mentioned above) with its own degree awarding powers, and was considered to be a second-wave civic university by Robbins.Current successor institute is the University of Manchester The University of Wales and the Victoria University were founded as federal universities incorporating earlier colleges and the University of London was founded as an examination board (becoming a federal university in 1900).The federal universities are discussed further below.The status of college of advanced technology (CAT) was created in the 1950s, although many of the institutes so designated dated back much further.The CATs were distinct from university colleges (although like them they prepared stringent for London degrees) and, along with their Scottish counterparts, were recommended to be converted into universities by the Robbins Report (Chapter X).
For the modern (post 1800) universities, the date of achieving university status (by royal charter, act of parliament, order in council, or decision of Companies House) is given.