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This can work reasonably well with a well-populated dataset that is representative of the various styles, developments, and ranges of variation that characterized ancient scripts.But in poor-quality and poor-quantity datasets with few documented and dated samples, highly fragmentary remains, and countless missing links, the comparative method runs into severe limitations.

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The mid-second to the sixth centuries are precisely such a “dark age” in Hebrew paleography, which makes any attempts at paleographic dating within this period perilous at best.

Aside from some roughly datable stone inscriptions and mosaics (mostly from the land of Israel) and a few Jewish fragments on soft supports (mostly papyri from Egypt, but also fragments from Dura-Europos), there is very little evidence for the varieties and development of the Hebrew script in this long period.

The traditional method of paleographic dating is also In lieu of near-perfect parallels, undated manuscripts are often placed in relation to a constructed (and unverifiable) typology pegged at points to a calendar, i.e., where a given script fits within perceived trajectories of broader script developments.

These typologies always lack a certain level of resolution, and factors such as long transition periods, gaps in the typology, the idiosyncrasies of individual scribes, conservatism and archaism (particularly in formal hands like that of EGLev), parallel trajectories of script development, interference from different script traditions and styles, and a host of unknowable and unquantifiable sociological and material factors mean that it is only possible to suggest approximate ranges of dates for manuscripts dated typologically.

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In order to achieve a higher degree of confidence—say 95.4 %—we would then need to expand the proposed range to 25–125 Since the possible dates of EGLev bridge these two periods—and because of the inherent imprecision in any form of typological dating—we must be prepared to accept broader ranges of possible dates as the result of typological paleographic dating methods than Yardeni allows in her proposed range of approximately fifty years.